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Ford Transit History

Ford Transit – a commercial vehicle produced since 1953 belonging to the light commercial vehicles (LCV) class. Ford Transit is available in many different versions of the body style, the most popular of them is the cargo van and the passenger van later named Tourneo. Ford Transit is the third best-selling van in the world. For now, over 8,000,000 Ford Transit vans have been produced and sold.

The first generation of Ford Transit was called Ford Taunus Transit and was initially offered only in Western Europe and Australia. However, at the end of the 20th century, the Ford Transit vans were sold almost all over the world except North America. Ford Transit started its expansion into the North American market in 2013, with the creation of the eighth generation of this van. Officially, Ford Transit replaced the Ford E-Series in 2015.

For more than forty years Ford Transit is the best-selling commercial vehicle in Europe. After introduction of the new model on the market, the American Ford Transit quickly turned out to be the best-selling commercial vehicle in the United States. In USA, Ford Transit provides 57 percent share of Ford in the commercial vehicle market.

Ford Transit is also several times winner of the Van of the Year (2001, 2007) and in its smaller versions of the Transit Custom and Transit Connect also won the title of Van of the Year in 2013 and 2014.

Ford Transit Modele
(fot: Ford Great Britain)

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Ford Transit Taunus


Ford Taunus Transit – a van initially produced under the names Ford FK1000 and Ford Transit 1250, only at the end of production (1961) was decided on the name Taunus Transit. Ford FK1000, Taunus Transit was produced in the years 1953 - 1965 at the Ford factory in Köln-Niehl, Germany, and in the assembly plants located in Azambuja (Portugal) in the years 1964 - 1966.

The Ford Taunus Transit is a twin model for the Ford Thames 400E built between 1957 and 1965 on the Great Britain. Ford's headquarters in Detroit, however, didn’t see the point in developing two separate models and ordered the "Project Redcamp" for the joint development of commercial vehicles in Europe.

Ford Taunus Transit Replika Lotus
(fot: bonhams.com/auctions/20143/lot/257/)

Ford Taunus Transit has appeared in several versions: Taunus 12M, Taunus 15M, Taunus 17M and FK1000 / 1250. In addition to the new name, it didn’t change much at beginning. Model 1250 was still equipped with a 1.5-liter gasoline engine, and 1.2-liter engines were available only in the 1000 Combi and Van versions.

In April 1962, a new version of the Ford Taunus with a load capacity of 800 kilograms (G1BT) appeared. It was characterized by a smaller size of tires and wheel rims. Ford Taunus G1BT had a more economical 55 hp engine. The Ford Taunus Transit 800 successfully replaced the 1000 and 1250 models, offered in almost every body version except for the double cab chassis version based on the frame.

In September 1963, Ford decided to re-improve the existing model and offered its customers a version of Ford Taunus Transit 1500, which was characterized by an increased payload of up to 1500 kilograms. It was offered with a gasoline engine with a capacity of 1.7 liters and 60 HP (Taunus 17M). Model 1500 introduced a number of changes, including equipped with double wheels at the rear, received a reinforced front axle and the braking system has been modified.

Ford Taunus Transit 1500 was also offered in a special version marked as Westfalia. This model is nothing more but a camper van. Westfalia could easily compete with the popular Volkswagen Transporter T1. Taunus Transit Westfalia characterized by a raised roof and interior fitting-full of the most necessary things for the trip.

In 1964, Ford decided to modernize its Ford Taunus Transit model for the last time and presented a model with a two-wire braking system together with a servo, a three-point front seat belt and a 12V system with a three-phase alternator. In December 1965* the last Ford Taunus Transit 1000 left the factory gates in Köln, Germany. In the same month, sales of the next generation of Ford Transit began.

Ford Taunus Transit 1965
(fot: bringatrailer.com/2016/03/29/cosmetically-restored-w-32k-kilometers-1965-ford-taunus-transit-fk-1250)

* on the southern European market, the Ford Transit Taunus models were produced until mid-1966 at the Azambuja factory in Portugal.

Ford Transit MK1


Ford Transit MK1 – the first generation of the Ford Transit van was produced unchanged for 12 years. Which gives it the first place among the longest-produced generation of the Transit model. Ford Transit MK1 (called Mark I) or Ford Transit of the first generation was produced in the years 1965 - 1978. Some argue that the first-generation Ford Transit was produced even for twenty years. This is because they treat the Ford Transit MK2 as a facelift of the Ford Transit MK1. This is because it was not until 1986, after the production of the model MK2, that Ford developed a completely new VE6 platform for the Ford Transit.

Ford Transit MK1 Dormobile
(fot: cubeofcars.com/?p=147)

The first generation Ford Transit was originally assembled in Ford factories in Berkshire in England, but the demand for this model exceeded the possibilities of the plant so that, production was moved to Southampton. Later generations of the Ford Transit van were also produced at the Southampton factory until 2013, when Ford moved most of its production to Turkey.

Ford Transit Mark I was also produced in several other factories located in various locations around the world. On the Dutch market, Ford Transit was produced on the local market from the mid-1970s until the end of 1981. Transit MK1 was also produced in Belgium, Turkey, Australia, South Africa, as well as New Zealand and South Korea.

The first generation of Ford Transit is the result of cooperation between the Ford branch in the UK and the Ford division in Germany (Ford Thames 400 + Ford Taunus Transit = Ford Transit MK1). This cooperation resulted in the launch of an extremely versatile utility vehicle, the Ford Transit. The first Transit was a revolution in the world of light commercial vehicles. Modeled on American cars with a large front grille and overhangs protruding above the car edge, it offered a much larger cargo space than its European competitors. The wide range of body version and extremely successful gasoline engines quickly made Ford Transit the best-selling vans in Europe.

Ford Transit MK1 LWB V4
(fot: bespoketraders.com/1968-ford-transit-mk1-lwb-v4-9995/)

Initially, the Ford Transit Mark I offered on the British market was with a 1.7-liter and 2.0-liter gasoline engine. Thanks to the engine in the V4 system, the size of the engine was shortened, which made it possible to conceal a new drive unit under the front hood. The innovation that Ford introduced with the new units was the use of an alternator, while its main competitors from the British market still offered only dynamo. The Ford Transit MK1 was also available with a 43 HP (32 kW) diesel engine and the Perkins. Interestingly, this engine was too long to be placed under the hood of Ford Transit MK1, so it was decided to extend the front of the vehicle. This engine proved to be not very dynamic and not very popular, so in 1972 Ford decided to replace this unit with its York model. In Europe, while the first generation of the Ford Transit had several engine versions coming directly or indirectly from the Ford Taunus Transit, they were units with a capacity of 1.3, 1.5 and 1.7 liters, as well as Essex 2.0. Thanks to the long front of the Ford Transit, it was possible to equip it with a 3.0 Ford Essex V6 engine. Van with an engine capacity of 3 liters has quickly become the leading choice vehicle in the uniformed services.

Ford Transit 1978
(fot: flickr.com/photos/photiste/33332329348)

Curiosity:
In 1972, the Metropolitan Police even mentioned the performance of the Ford Transit MK1: "Ford Transits are used in 95 per cent of bank raids. With the performance of a car, and space for 1.75 tonnes of loot, the Transit is proving to be the perfect getaway vehicle...', describing it as 'Britain's most wanted van".

Taunus V4 Taunus V4 Taunus V4 ESSEX V4 ESSEX V4 Perkins I4 York I4 ESSEX V6 I6 (Australia)
Capacity 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.8 2.4 3.0 3.3
Power (HP) 50 60 65 74 93 43 62 138 120

Ford Transit MK2


Ford Transit MK2 Clubmobil
(fot: flickr.com/photos/zacks_classic_cars/27870946975/in/photostream/)

Ford Transit MK2 – production of this van began in 1977 and lasted until 1986. Ford Transit Mark II had several names, in Great Britain, when it was presented in August 1977, it was called the Transit 1978 ½ code and was considered the facelifting MK1 model. Presented in Germany, in March it was called the "Third Generation" of Ford Transit. In Poland and many other countries, Ford Transit produced in the years 1978-1986 is called the second generation of Ford Transit, i.e. the MK2 model.

The second generation of Ford Transit was characterized primarily by the modified front. This was made due to the desire to equip the MK2 with Pinto engines from the reliable and extremely popular Cortina in the UK. In the early years of production, the Ford Transit MK2 was available only with a 1.6-liter engine with the designation Ford Kent. Police versions and rescue ambulance were equipped with previously known Essex V6 engines with a capacity of 3 liters. In Australia, the Ford Transit MK2 was characterized by a motor with a capacity of 4.1 liters!

Ford Transit MK2 was designed in such a way as to resemble the style of its smaller brothers - passenger cars from that period. The square headlights and the black front grille were characteristic of Ford cars. The interior of the new van has also changed. From now on - metal dashboard known from the MK1 model was replaced with its plastic equivalent. Also most of the equipment was more civilized and came largely from the Ford Taunus / Cortina passenger car.

In 1984, there was a small facelift of the second generation of Ford Transit. New van received a new front grille combined with headlamps, new side covers, fog light located in the rear lamp, reversing lights and position lights. The most important change was the introduction of a diesel engine with a direct injection of 2.5 DI. It was a redesigned diesel unit with the code denomination York.

Ford Transit MK2 was offered in 6 body versions: Classic Van, Combi, Chassis Cab, Bus, Camper, in turn, all these versions were available with both a short wheelbase (2690 mm) and a long wheelbase (3000 mm). The extraordinary flexibility of manufacturers at that time allowed for any configuration of model. The success of a given model was not only its appearance, but also the possibility of personalization. Ford Transit MK2 customers could choose not only the body type, but also the engine version. Five engines were available: 1.6 OHC (gasoline), 1.6 OHV (gasoline), 2.0 OHC (gasoline), 2.0 OHC economy (gasoline) and 2.5 DI (diesel). In addition, each customer could choose from 32 combinations of external door settings, 6 types of drive system, and from 12 to 17 seats in the vehicle, which could be freely configured and set.

Ford Transit MK2
(fot: curbsideclassic.com/blog/cc-global-ford-transit-mk2-phase2-mid-eighties-blue-and-white-transit-bus/)

The extraordinary freedom of configuration and the popularity of the second generation of Ford Transit led to the creation of many special editions of this van. One of them is certainly Clubmobil, which was introduced to the market thanks to Hymer Company. It was characterized by an OHC petrol unit with a capacity of 1.6 liters or 2 liters. It was equipped with a custom interior with swivel seats, carpet, sports steering wheel, velor upholstery and unique 14-inch Ronal wheels. To all this, the customer had at his disposal folding rear seats, trunk, front spoiler, tinted mirror, power steering, spare wheel on the back door, ladder, additional roof rack, as well as non-standard - unique arrangement of windows. During three years of production, only 150 units of this vehicle were manufactured, and to this day it is expected that less than 20 units survived..

At the end of 1982, the 4x4 all-wheel drive version was also launched on the German market. All-wheel drive development was dealt with by the German Ford dealer in Stuttgart, which later also offered the 4x4 version on foreign markets. The second generation of Ford Transit with 4x4 drive gave new opportunities in off-road.

Ford Transit MK2 in its long and colorful history was produced in Amsterdam (Netherlands), Genk (Belgium), Southampton (United Kingdom), Istanbul (Turkey) and New Zealand. The production of the second generation Ford Transit van was completed in 1986 after nine years of market presence.

Kent / Crossflow I4 Pinto I4 Pinto I4 Cologne V6 Essex V6 I6 Australia York I4
Capacity 1.6 1.6 2.0 2.8 3.0 4.1 2.4

Ford Transit MK3


Ford Transit MK3 – the third generation of Ford Transit was produced in the years 1986 - 1991. In many different sources we will see completely different marks of this model. In the UK, the Ford Transit MK3 codenamed VE6 is called the second generation of Ford Transit, as well as its successors, Ford Transit MK4 and Ford Transit MK5. Further models in Great Britain were offered as second generation facelift. On the German market, Ford Transit MK3 was offered as the fourth generation of Ford Transit. Such a huge variety in terminology results primarily from the range of models offered in Great Britain (MK1 and MK2 offered as the same model) and in Western Europe.

ord Transit MK3 made its market debut in January 1986 and immediately attracted the attention of many people. The completely new body structure, the windscreen and the front bonnet tilted practically the same angle, the larger load space and more modern body look of third generation was huge success in the commercial vehicle market. Thanks to the use of proven drive units from the last facelift of the MK2 model (1978 - 1985), Ford Transit Mark 3 was characterized by remarkable reliability. In 1989, Ford management decided to upgrade the 3.0 Essex V6 unit replacing it with a 2.9-liter EFI V6 engine. This step was mainly caused by strict emission regulations. The Essex V6 was offered on the market for 25 years and continued to use the carburetor. Ford Transit MK3 finally adopted the code name VE6, but in the initial design and construction phase it was known as "Triton".

Ford Transit MK3
(fot: spyequipmentuk.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/ford-transit-spy-van.jpg)

The third generation of Ford Transit was produced at the Southampton factory in Great Britain and Koacela in Turkey. Like its predecessors, it was offered in many body styles: Classic Van, Combi, Chassis cab, Bus, Camper. The manufacturer's offer also included special versions such as Ford Transit Country 4x4 characterized by a suspension lift and all-wheel drive.

Production of Ford Transit MK3 ended in 1992, when Ford presented the fourth generation of Ford Transit, considered by many as a subtle facelift of the MK3 model.

Pinto I4 Pinto I4 EFI V6 Essex V6 York I4
Capacity 1.6 2.0 2.9 3.0 2.4 2.5

Ford Transit MK4


Ford Transit MK4 – the fourth generation of Ford Transit was produced in the years 1991 - 1994. Ford Transit Mark IV for its short production period of just 3 years and minor changes in the exterior styling of the van is named by many people as a facelifting model Ford Transit MK3. The new Ford Transit van used a different headlight system - more rounded than Ford Transit MK3, the radiator grille was also changed, offered in body color.

The Ford Transit MK4, despite the few changes in the external appearance, was actually a completely new design compared to the Ford Transit MK3. Practically everything had changed in the Transit MK4 suspension. It used new shock absorbers, suspension arms, spindle, springs and shock absorber mounts. Thanks to a complete redesign of the chassis, the Ford Transit MK4 gained a much bigger payload compared to its predecessor. On LWB vans, it was possible to mount single rear wheels instead of double rear wheels (doublewheels) without losing the permissible gross vehicle weight.

In some versions of the Ford Transit MK4 the bearings were changed to Timken (type 34), the drive axle in the Ford Transit version with single wheels (type 51) was also improved. Along with type 51 drive axles, a larger size of 15-inch wheels was also used instead of 14-inch steel wheels. 15-inch rims used in the Ford Transit MK4 have a 5 x 160 bolt spacing, while the central hole remains unchanged with 14-inch wheels.

Curiosity:
The Ford Transit MK4 with a long wheelbase and a 2.5-liter engine was also a participant in the Top Gear program, in which Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond and James May tested vans below £ 1000. Vans have passed a series of tests: a quarter mile race, facility and speed of loading, bumper riding, ease of repair (in this case replacement of the driver's door), time needed for car theft (10s - an alarming result for Transit), police officers and thieves - test in which it was necessary to stay as long as possible ahead of the chase. Ford Transit, behind whose wheel Jeremy Clarkson sat, in this extremely ingenious test finished second. The episode was won by Richard Hammond at the wheel of Suzuki Super-Carry, and the last - third place was taken by James May at LDV Convoy.

OHC OHC OHC EFI Diesel Diesel Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel
Capacity 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Power (HP) 63 77 115 70 76 80 80 100

Ford Transit MK5


Ford Transit MK5 – at the end of 1994 Ford decided to introduce further changes to its flagship - Ford Transit van. Fifth Generation Ford Transit had redesigned front. It has a round radiator grille and more rounded headlights with bright direction indicators. However, the most visible changes in the Ford Transit MK5 are inside the vehicle. Ford Transit Mark V had completely new dashboard compared to its predecessor Ford Transit MK4. With the creation of the new generation, Ford Transit could optionally be equipped with air conditioning, electric windows, central locking, as well as electric exterior and mirrors and passenger airbags.

With the premiere of the new Ford Transit MK5, there were some additional options: new – multi valve gasoline engine with 2.0 liters (2.0 DOHC). The engine generated 84 kW (114 hp) at 5000 rpm. The gasoline engine was also offered in the Ford Scorpio car in the years 1993 - 1998. In addition, customers of the new Ford Transit van also had a choice of turbocharged diesel units with power: 63 kW (85 hp), 74 kW (100 hp), 85 kW (115 hp) with an electronic fuel pump.

Ford on the thirtieth anniversary of Ford Transit van presented in 1995 a limited series called: Transit Hallmark. Ford Transit Hallmark was produced in just 600 copies and was available only in three colors - 200 pieces each. Hallmark was equipped with a 2.5 liter (2.5 Di) diesel engine with 76 horsepower. From the outside, body-colored bumpers, stickers on the side of the vehicle and alloy wheels stood out. Inside, Ford Transit Hallmark has new front seat covers, electric windshields as standard, and a tachometer located on the dashboard.

Production of the Ford Transit MK5 model in Europe ended in spring 2000. Ford Transit MK5 in the years 1997 - 2000 was also assembled in Polish Ford plants in Płońsk, as well as in Koaceli (Turkey), Hải Dương (China) and Obaczk (Belarus). In Vietnam, the production of the Ford Transit MK5 model ended in 2003.

Ford Transit MK6


Ford Transit MK6 – in July 2000 the next - sixth generation of Ford Transit model MK6 was launched. The Ford Transit MK6 became the third, completely new project, which had many elements borrowed from the new Ford style "New Edge", derived from cars such as Ford Focus and Ford Ka. The completely new appearance of the Ford Transit initially aroused much controversy. Later Ford Transit MK6 has gained the recognition of many satisfied customers. This resulted in winning the prestigious international Van of the Year 2001.

Ford Transit MK6
(fot: parkers.co.uk/vans-pickups/ford/transit/2000-review/)

The biggest innovation introduced with the Ford Transit MK6 van was the option of equipping it with front-wheel drive (FWD) or rear-wheel drive (RWD). Versions equipped with front-wheel drive were marked as Model V185, while versions with rear-wheel drive were marked as Model V184.

The Ford Transit MK6 model could be equipped with a Duratorq turbo diesel engine (Puma type), which was also used in the Ford Mondeo 2000 and Jaguar X-Type models. Ford Transit MK6 with one of the best gasoline engines with a capacity of 2.3 liters was able to accelerate the car to 97 km/h (60 miles) per hour in 21 seconds, and also reached a top speed of 150 km/h.

Ford Transit MKVI
(fot: parkers.co.uk/vans-pickups/ford/transit/2000-review/)

In 2002, the first Common Rail diesel engine with 2.0 liter capacity (HPRC) and 125 hp (92 kW) was introduced. At that time, Ford Transit production was moved to the Ford-Otosan factory in Koaceli, Turkey, from where all the production was later moved back to the Genk factory in Belgium.

In 2004, Ford also introduced the first RWD variant on the market with a 2.4-liter engine (RWD HPCR) and 135 HP (99 kW), and a new 6-speed manual transmission MT-82 RWD debuted with it.

The sixth generation Ford Transit could also be optionally equipped with an Durashift EST automatic transmission. A new automatic transmission was available for every version of the Ford Transit MK6. It had a manual mode, towing mode, economy mode and winter mode specially adapted to the model. On the Australian market, this mode was known as ASM (automatically-shifting-manual).

During the production of Ford Transit MK6 5 millionth Ford Transit rolled off the production lines of the Southampton factory. Exactly July 18, 2005, a five-million Ford Transit was donated to an English charity. Production of the Ford Transit MK6 model ended in 2006, when the next generation of Ford Transit appeared on the market.

Ford Transit MK6 Tuning
(fot: fordtransit.org/image/modded-mk6)

OHC Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel TDCi
Capacity 2.3 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Power (HP) 145 75 80 85 100 125 144 70 75 90 116 120 125 137

Ford Transit MK7


Ford Transit MK7The Ford Transit MK7, like its predecessor - the MK6 version also won the prestigious Van of the Year award in 2007. In mid-2006, the Ford Transit MK7 Sport Van was launched. This variety was characterized by 18-inch alloy wheels, "Le Mans" belts and a 130 HP (96 kW) engine. Initially, the Sport Van was supposed to be a limited version, but the unusually large interest in this model resulted in a change of decision on the Ford management board and this model became a mass produced version of the body.

At the end of 2007, a new 140 HP (103 kW) diesel engine was introduced to the market, which was used in versions with front-wheel drive along with a 6-speed manual transmission VMT6. A six-speed gearbox was also introduced in 2008 for models equipped with a 115 HP (85 kW) engine, when Ford decided to increase the power from 110 HP.

At the end of 2008, a diesel particulate filter was used in all diesel engines. cDPF. It has been implemented due to constantly rising exhaust emission standards. Thanks to the use of cDPF, the Ford Transit MK7 not only met EURO IV emission standards, but was also adapted to the Euro V standard.

Ford Transit MK7 has appeared on the market in many different body styles. However, two of them was the most interesting:

Ford Transit XXL - was created to celebrate the Van of the Year 2007 award. It was characterized by an extended wheelbase of up to 7 meters and 40 centimeters, its appearance resembled a limousine known from American films. It was also equipped with a diesel engine with a capacity of 2.2 TDCi and a power of 96 kW (130 HP). Ford Transit XXL is by far the most expensive Ford Transit MK7 van ever made in Fords factory.

Super Sport Van - a one-off, high-performance version of the Ford Transit MK7 manufactured by Ford's European division. The 3.2L Duratorq I5 engine generating 198 horsepower (470 Nm) was used to drive the SuperSportVan. Combined with the 6-speed gearbox, it represented amazing performance. The SuperSportVan model also changed the front bumper, other side sills with double exhaust tailpipes, and new light alloy wheels with 235/45 tires. ABS, ESP and driver and passenger airbags took care of safety in this sports version of the Ford Transit. Ford Transit SuperSportVan was presented at the exhibition of vans in Birmingham.

In addition, versions were also available: 09-B, 190D, Blue Bird, E350 Super Duty, Econoline minibus, El Dorado Aerolite, Krystal, Luton, Metrotrans, Nugget, R1114, Sport, VE6, Wayne, Trend and Limited.

Ford Transit MK7 Sport
(fot: vans.honestjohn.co.uk/used-van-buying-guides/ford/transit-2006-2014/)

The Ford Transit MK7, like its predecessor - the MK6 version also won the prestigious Van of the Year award in 2007. In mid-2006, the Ford Transit MK7 Sport Van was launched. This variety was characterized by 18-inch alloy wheels, "Le Mans" belts and a 130 HP (96 kW) engine. Initially, the Sport Van was supposed to be a limited version, but the unusually large interest in this model resulted in a change of decision on the Ford management board and this model became a mass produced version of the body.

At the end of 2007, a new 140 HP (103 kW) diesel engine was introduced to the market, which was used in versions with front-wheel drive along with a 6-speed manual transmission VMT6. A six-speed gearbox was also introduced in 2008 for models equipped with a 115 HP (85 kW) engine, when Ford decided to increase the power from 110 HP.

At the end of 2008, a diesel particulate filter was used in all diesel engines. cDPF. It has been implemented due to constantly rising exhaust emission standards. Thanks to the use of cDPF, the Ford Transit MK7 not only met EURO IV emission standards, but was also adapted to the Euro V standard.

Ford Transit MK7 has appeared on the market in many different body styles. However, two of them was the most interesting:

Ford Transit XXL - was created to celebrate the Van of the Year 2007 award. It was characterized by an extended wheelbase of up to 7 meters and 40 centimeters, its appearance resembled a limousine known from American films. It was also equipped with a diesel engine with a capacity of 2.2 TDCi and a power of 96 kW (130 HP). Ford Transit XXL is by far the most expensive Ford Transit MK7 van ever made in Fords factory.

Super Sport Van - a one-off, high-performance version of the Ford Transit MK7 manufactured by Ford's European division. The 3.2L Duratorq I5 engine generating 198 horsepower (470 Nm) was used to drive the SuperSportVan. Combined with the 6-speed gearbox, it represented amazing performance. The SuperSportVan model also changed the front bumper, other side sills with double exhaust tailpipes, and new light alloy wheels with 235/45 tires. ABS, ESP and driver and passenger airbags took care of safety in this sports version of the Ford Transit. Ford Transit SuperSportVan was presented at the exhibition of vans in Birmingham.

In addition, versions were also available: 09-B, 190D, Blue Bird, E350 Super Duty, Econoline minibus, El Dorado Aerolite, Krystal, Luton, Metrotrans, Nugget, R1114, Sport, VE6, Wayne, Trend and Limited.

DOHC Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel Turbo Diesel
Capacity 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.4 3.2
Power (HP) 146 85 110 115 125 130 140 155 100 115 140 200

Ford Transit MK8


Ford Transit MK8 – the eighth generation of Ford Transit was presented in 2013. The new van again introduced a number of changes in the design. The Ford Transit MK8 has since become a more muscular model. This is because the Ford Transit Mark VIII debuted simultaneously on the European market - where it has an established position, as well as on the American market - where it will eventually replace the models of the Ford E-Series series.

Along with the new model, the new Ford EcoBlue diesel engines with a capacity of 2.0 TDCi and having different power (105 - 170 hp) also debuted. Customers of the new Ford Transit MK8 have three diesel units to choose from, which offer 20% more performance than its predecessor while reducing emissions by 55%. All diesel engines on the Ford Transit MK8 meet the strict Euro 6 LDT III emissions standards.

Ford Transit MK8
(fot: parkers.co.uk/vans-pickups/ford/transit/2014-review/)

Ford Transit MK8, like its predecessors, is available in the version with front-wheel drive (FWD), version with rear-wheel drive (RWD), as well as in the version with all-wheel drive (AWD). In addition, Ford Transit MK8 customers can choose between a six-speed automatic transmission or a six-speed manual transmission.

The eighth generation of Ford Transit is available in many body configurations, with different wheelbases as well as different heights. The maximum load capacity of the Ford Transit MK8 version with long wheelbase L4 is 15.1 m3. The eighth generation Ford Transit is available on the market in the Ambiente and Trend versions.

Ford Transit MKVIII
(fot: parkers.co.uk/vans-pickups/ford/transit/2014-review/)

In the United States and Canada, the basic power unit is a 3.2 liter Duratorq I5 engine with 180 hp (designated as PowerStroke). Other units are shared with the global market. In North America, the standard power unit is the 3.7 Ti-VCT V6 engine with 275 horsepower. 3.7 Ti-VCT V6 gasoline engines can be adapted to operate on natural gas. Optionally, customers can equip the eighth generation of Ford Transit with the engine derived from the model Ford F-150: EcoBoost 3.5 V6. This unit has 320 horsepower unimaginable for European vans.

In 2019, Ford Transit MK8 underwent a delicate face lifting, and the new model was named as Ford Transit 2019.

Ford Transit 2019


Ford Transit 2019 – in 2019, to keep up with trends prevailing on the van market, Ford decided to carry out a facelift Ford Transit MK8 model. The new model combines intelligent and practical technology, a new interior, a modernized front with greater transport capabilities, as well as more economical power units.

Ford Transit 2019
(fot: parkers.co.uk/vans-pickups/ford/transit/2014-review/)

The new Ford Transit 2019 is available in the Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle (mHEV) version, which will ensure incredible fuel savings and significantly reduce emissions to the environment. The modern mHEV engine is the first of its kind hybrid solution for "large" commercial vehicles. In addition, customers have additional choice of modern 2.0 liter EcoBlue diesel engines, generating power from 105 to 185 horsepower at 415 Nm of torque meeting the stringent Euro 6.2 exhaust standards. New 10-speed automatic transmission was announced with the presentation of the new Ford Transit 2019. It’s available only with rear-wheel drive.

Big changes in the interior of the Ford Transit MK8 after facelifting. The completely new dashboard in van is now referring to most popular Ford cars. In the dashboard’ center there is an 8-inch screen for managing the intelligent multimedia system in the new Ford Transit 2019. New Ford Transit is for the 1st time available with a FordPass Connect modem that offers access to a 4G WiFi network for up to ten devices and current traffic notifications (sent in real time to Ford's satellite navigation).

Ford Transit 2019 is produced, just like the version before facelifting, in two facilities located in two different regions of the world. All European and Asian production of the Transit MK8 model comes from a factory located in Koacela, Turkey. The models offered in North America and South America leave the factory located in Kansas City in Claycomo, Missouri.


 
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